Reduction of dangers from insects and vermin

People’s health can be negatively affected by contact with insects and vermin. People exposed to vermin, nuisance animals, rodents and insects-pests or to their excrements are in danger of getting harmful effects for their health.
Vermin and parasites in the living environment threaten human society, dramatically changing the way of life, increasing the risks for infectious illnesses like malaria, virus Zika and other contagious diseases.
Producing serious ongoing health risks in many parts of the world rats, mice, lice, fleas, insects transmit bacteria and parasites, cause plague, skin infections, allergies, rabies, chronic diarrhea, chronic gut parasite infection
Small animals may contaminate the water supply, carry and transmit dangerous microorganisms and viruses which may cause various viral and bacterial infections.
For instance, mosquitoes carry potentially life threatening viruses such as Japanese Encephalitis and Dengue Fever, Zika Virus. Increased risks of allergies and asthma cases are associated with dust mites and cockroaches living in human houses.
Beetles and other insects often cause serious skin irritation and allergies. Mice and rats as well as certain insects contaminate food and thus spread diseases. Besides, rodents cause damage to electrical cables, eat surfaces, can rapidly transmit infections.
If you notice any vermin in your house, it is wise to incorporate certain strategies to get rid of them and prevent further invasion of undesirable animals and insects.
You can consult local pest control authorities about the animals, vermin and insects that are commonly found in the place where you live. These strategies and preventative measures can help minimize the negative impact on people and their houses.
Yard fencing and gates, verandah screening, screened doors and high shelves, cupboards in kitchens, and attentiveness to any wall to floor transitions near the ground are just some of the measures that can decrease the negative health impacts of the insects, vermin and animals on people.
Rats, mice and other rodents often spoil food, contaminate surfaces in the house, and pollute the water in the rainwater tank or other water supply. They can cause electrical faults by gnawing the protection from cables in various parts of the house. Rats and mice often come to our houses through ventilation panels, cracks in walls, edges of roofs, wall, floor, door and window junctions, or through the spaces for electrical wiring and plumbing. Living and making their nests in spaces of our houses, mice and rats rapidly grow in number and cause lots of trouble.
Ants and cockroaches spoil food, contaminate kitchen surfaces and cause dangerous diseases. Cockroaches’ excrements are associated with asthma development and asthma attacks in people who have already suffered from this disease.
Mosquitoes and flies are attracted by light and often live in the kitchens (flies). They carry trachoma, viral infections, cause fever, malaria and diarrhea.
Dust mites often cause asthma. They inhabit clothes, bedding, hair, carpets and soft furnishings. The growth of dust mites involves humidity. So they cannot live in dry places and besides, cannot stand sun light.
To reduce the negative impact of insects and vermin on your health, try to inspect your house regularly, take preventative measures and in the evidence of their presence try all the appropriate methods to eliminate them from your house.

Flonase nasal spray application

Mechanism of action of Fluticasone

Fluticasone is a synthetic trifluorinated corticosteroid produced in the form of nasal spray, 50 mcg for topical application. The medicine is applied directly to the nasal mucosa by atomizing spray pump. The anti-inflammatory effects of the medicine are associated with progesterone-like activity of Fluticasone.

The exact mode of Fluticasone action is not known, it is supposed to be linked to effects which corticosteroids produce on cells and mediatros (histamine and others) which are responsible for inflammation in the body.

Clinical trials of Flonase nasal spray have demonstrated beneficial results of the medicine in reduction of nasal mucosal eosinophils and basophils.

Flonase does not show the immediate effect on allergic symptoms of the disease. Usually the result is seen within 12 hours of more.

The effect stays for several days when the treatment is stopped

Application

Flonase (fluticasone propionate) nasal spray, 50 mcg is indicated for intranasal usage only. Before using this spray it should be shaken. The amount applied should not exceed the recommended dose.

Prior to the first application, the bottle with spray should be shaken well, and then the content should be diffused several times. After that the spray is ready for use.

Flonase should not be used longer than recommended by a doctor. If you symptoms do not improve, ask your doctor. Try to use the medicine with accordance to the doctor’s advice. Do not use it more frequently than recommended. Topical application of the medicine gives the needed effect in the place of use and does not affect the whole body or body systems anyhow.

Usually doctors recommend 1-2 sprays of Flonase each day of the treatment. The symptoms of your condition can improve only two or three days after the treatment is started.

The bottle with a medicine should be disposed when it has been applied 120 times (120 sprays). It is necessary to prime the pump before first use. Each actuation delivers 50 mcg of fluticasone in 100 mg of formulation through the nasal adapter. Each 16-g bottle of Flonase Nasal Spray provides 120 metered sprays.

The medicine should be stored in a dark cold place out of reach of children and pets. The spray should be applied only by a person for whom it is prescribed. Don’t give the medicine to the others even if they have the same symptoms as you.

Before using Flonase

Before using this medicine one should make sure that he/she does not have allergic reactions to the components. In case a patient has previously experienced allergic reactions to Flonase, the medicine should not be applied.
If a patient is taking ritonavir (Norvir, Kaletra) the use of Flonase is contraindicated.
Before using this drug for the first time, consult your doctor. Discuss with your doctor the possibility of Flonase use if you have any of the following:
•    glaucoma or cataracts;
•    kidney or liver disease;
•    herpes simplex virus in the eye;
•    pregnancy;
•    tuberculosis;
•    any infectious disease caused by bacteria;
•    sores or ulcers inside the nose;
•    a history of injury of the nose or surgery on the nose.
Diabetics should discuss the use of Flonase with a doctor because the medicine may increase blood sugar level.

Flonase Important Information

Flonase use should be discussed with a GP. If you have allergies to any component of the medicine or taking ritonavir (Norvir, Kaletra) do not use Flonase.
Patients with glaucoma or cataracts, liver disease, diabetes, herpes simplex virus of your eyes, tuberculosis, other infectious diseases should not use this medicine.
If you have recently had injury of or surgery on your nose ask your doctor if you can safely use this medicine.
Flonase may show its action only a few days after starting the treatment. The symptoms may start to improve on the 2nd or 3rd day of the therapy.
Children younger than 2 years old should not be treated with this medicine.

Flonase with other drugs

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Tell your specialist of health or provider about all other drugs or treatment you use, especially:

• imatinib (Gleevec);

• conivaptan (Vaprisol);

• HIV/AIDS drugs;

• antifungal medication: ketoconazole (Nizoral), itraconazole (Sporanox), voriconazole (Vfend), miconazole (Oravig);

• isoniazid;

• an antibiotic: telithromycin (Ketek), erythromycin (E.E.S., Ery-Tab, EryPed,  Pediazole, Erythrocin), clarithromycin (Biaxin),

• nefazodone;

• blood pressure/heart drugs : quinidine (Quin-G), nicardipine (Cardene).

 

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